The emerging field of complexity and complex adaptive systems theory offers rich material for leading in the difficult environments we find ourselves faced with today. Healthcare leaders report that they need new tools and strategies to deal with the sometimes overwhelming ambiguity and complexity they often find themselves immersed in.

The underlying principles emerging from the study of natural complex adaptive systems such as an old growth forest or a wetland environment are proving to be very useful for healthcare leaders seeking new strategies and tools:

* to recognize and appreciate complexity and ambiguity
* to discover, understand and manage polarities
* to effectively seek new and better ways to do things
* to appreciatively face the future with skill and confidence.